Terminal Commands

How to tutorials on using the Linux terminal to get task complete on your Linux system

The Following Steps can be applied to any Linux Desktop with Bash. This includes Gnome 2, Gnome 3, XFCE, KDE and Unity. This example I am using Ubuntu with the Unity desktop enviorment. If you need help on how to launch a terminal please visit the following links for your desktop.

When power windows users come over to Linux they are often looking for a command similar to ipconfig /all on Linux. Unfortantly I am not aware of a complete replacement one comamnad to occomplish this. You can use the ifconfig command to view your IP address or cat /etc/resulve to view DNS names.

By default Gnome 3 hides the shutdown option in the menu and only shows suspend as an option. To shutdown you need to hold down ALT to show the shutdown option in the status bar.

The real power of Linux happens at the command line. As time goes on users use the terminal less and less due to the the enhancements on the graphical front ends. There are still many times having some skills with bash commands are very useful.  In this tutorials we will just cover how to launch a terminal in Gnome 2

What is a MAC Address?


You can think of a MAC address as a serial number for your network card. It is a unique six two-digits hexadecimal numbers separated by colons. It is used for routing traffic on a network.


Note: Changing your default ssh port does not guarantee that you won't get hacked. How ever changing the default really helps cut down on the attempts. Please make sure you have other secure practices in place such as strong passwords.



With the new desktop enviorment (Unity) in Ubuntu, you now need to take a few extra steps to open a terminal compared to Gnome 2 in the past.


Click on the Ubuntu Icon located in the upper left corner.



With Gnome 3 there are a few extra steps you need to take when to launch a terminal.


Slide you mouse in the upper left corner (Activities)



In this tutorial we will cover how to start, stop, and restart Apache and MySQL on CentOS. Since CentOS is used mostly for a server we will do these steps all at the command line (terminal). We will also use another command to check the status of the services to make sure they are really up or down. Let's get started!



Arch Linux has so many different ways you can set it up and configure it. For example there is no primary desktop defined such as GNOME 3, GNOME 2, KDE, XFCE, Fluxbox and so on. No matter what desktop enviroment you have installed using the good old fashion terminal to complete this task is probaly the best idea. Lets get down to install GIMP.

Open a terminal window.

note: If you have not setup sudo access for your user you will need to switch to the root user to install. (su command)

Type sudo pacman -S gimp  (Note:  The capital S)



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